Monday, February 05, 2007

Sacred Music Workshop Notes

I'm giving a workshop on Sacred Music for our Catholic homeschool group parents' meeting this month. Here are the notes (though they're still a bit rough - hope to clean them up and fill them out at some point - suggestions welcome!). The workshop is intended as a starting point for parents and teens to learn some chant and consider the importance of preserving a love for these great treasures of the Church by sharing them with their families. It will be a very non-technical workshop, mostly a few words about Church teaching and some group singing (as well as talking about resources and ideas for cultivating a love for this music in families). As far as resources go, there are many more available; these represent a sampling that are accessible to beginners.

Vatican II Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, 1964

Entire document available here


112. The musical tradition of the universal Church is a treasure of inestimable value, greater even than that of any other art. The main reason for this pre-eminence is that, as sacred song united to the words, it forms a necessary or integral part of the solemn liturgy.
Holy Scripture, indeed, has bestowed praise upon sacred song (42), and the same may be said of the fathers of the Church and of the Roman pontiffs who in recent times, led by St. Pius X, have explained more precisely the ministerial function supplied by sacred music in the service of the Lord.

Therefore sacred music is to be considered the more holy in proportion as it is more closely connected with the liturgical action, whether it adds delight to prayer, fosters unity of minds, or confers greater solemnity upon the sacred rites. But the Church approves of all forms of true art having the needed qualities, and admits them into divine worship.
Accordingly, the sacred Council, keeping to the norms and precepts of ecclesiastical tradition and discipline, and having regard to the purpose of sacred music, which is the glory of God and the sanctification of the faithful, decrees as follows.

114. The treasure of sacred music is to be preserved and fostered with great care. Choirs must be diligently promoted, especially in cathedral churches; but bishops and other pastors of souls must be at pains to ensure that, whenever the sacred action is to be celebrated with song, the whole body of the faithful may be able to contribute that active participation which is rightly theirs…

115. Great importance is to be attached to the teaching and practice of music in seminaries, in the novitiates and houses of study of religious of both sexes, and also in other Catholic institutions and schools. To impart this instruction, teachers are to be carefully trained and put in charge of the teaching of sacred music.

… 116. The Church acknowledges Gregorian chant as specially suited to the Roman liturgy: therefore, other things being equal, it should be given pride of place in liturgical services.

But other kinds of sacred music, especially polyphony, are by no means excluded from liturgical celebrations, so long as they accord with the spirit of the liturgical action, as laid down in Art. 30.

117. The typical edition of the books of Gregorian chant is to be completed; and a more critical edition is to be prepared of those books already published since the restoration by St. Pius X.

It is desirable also that an edition be prepared containing simpler melodies, for use in small churches.

118. Religious singing by the people is to be intelligently fostered so that in devotions and sacred exercises, as also during liturgical services, the voices of the faithful may ring out according to the norms and requirements of the rubrics.

119. In certain parts of the world, especially mission lands, there are peoples who have their own musical traditions, and these play a great part in their religious and social life. For this reason due importance is to be attached to their music, and a suitable place is to be given to it, not only in forming their attitude toward religion, but also in adapting worship to their native genius, as indicated in Art. 39 and 40.

Therefore, when missionaries are being given training in music, every effort should be made to see that they become competent in promoting the traditional music of these peoples, both in schools and in sacred services, as far as may be practicable.

120. In the Latin Church the pipe organ is to be held in high esteem, for it is the traditional musical instrument which adds a wonderful splendor to the Church's ceremonies and powerfully lifts up man's mind to God and to higher things.

But other instruments also may be admitted for use in divine worship, with the knowledge and consent of the competent territorial authority, as laid down in Art. 22, 52, 37, and 40. This may be done, however, only on condition that the instruments are suitable, or can be made suitable, for sacred use, accord with the dignity of the temple, and truly contribute to the edification of the faithful.

121. Composers, filled with the Christian spirit, should feel that their vocation is to cultivate sacred music and increase its store of treasures.
Let them produce compositions which have the qualities proper to genuine sacred music, not confining themselves to works which can be sung only by large choirs, but providing also for the needs of small choirs and for the active participation of the entire assembly of the faithful.

The texts intended to be sung must always be in conformity with Catholic doctrine; indeed they should be drawn chiefly from holy scripture and from liturgical sources.

Other sources about the nature of Sacred Music:

Musica Sacra

An Idiot’s Guide to Square Notes:

An excellent resource for articles on Sacred Music is the Adoremus Society’s music page:

The Feast of Faith by Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger (Ignatius Press)
A New Song for the Lord: Faith in Christ and Liturgy Today by Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger (Crossroad Publishing)

A Few Great Recordings:

Lingua Angelica (Memoria Press) CD and Songbook

Beyond Chant: Mysteries of the Renaissance

Byrd/Tallis: Choral Music (Conductor: George Guest) ASIN #B00004TASB

Josquin Desprez: Motets & Chansons (Hilliard Ensemble) ASIN # B000002SSH

You can also search for recordings by the following composers:

William Byrd
Josquin Desprez

or the following artists (who have many fine recordings of beautiful Sacred Music):

The King’s College Choir
The King’s Singers
The Tallis Scholars
The Anonymous 4

Music in Print and on the Web

Adoremus Hymnal (Ignatius Press)

Treasury of Latin Prayers

Printable booklet of basic chants

Mechanics of the Chant


Kristen Laurence said...

So many great resources. Thank you, Alicia.

Fr. Basil from Opus Sanctorum Angelorum has a wonderful cd on "Music and Morality" that is worth listening to. I believe the talk is under an hour.

Love2Learn Mom said...

Thanks Kristen!

Jen said...

Thanks for the music recordings suggested. I've been wanting to check out some chant; now I have a starting block. I haven't visited here for a while; your blog is so thoughtful and educational. Thanks.

Love2Learn Mom said...

Thanks Jen. :) Glad to see you here again.